8.02 Notes.docx - Lincolns Inauguration-Seven states had...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Lincoln’s Inauguration -Seven states had seceded by the time Lincoln was sworn in as president. On that day in March of 1861, he gave his First Inaugural Address. Lincoln spent months preparing his speech. The citizens of the United States and newly formed Confederate States of America were interested to see how he addressed the secession. “I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.” -Lincoln doesn’t plan on trying to get rid of slavery in places where it already exists. “It follows from these views that no State upon its own mere motion can lawfully get out of the Union” -A state can’t legally leave the United States. “The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the Government and to collect the duties and imposts; but beyond what may be necessary for these objects, there will be no invasion, no using of force against or among the people anywhere.” -Lincoln will not give up government property or buildings in the South. He will also not invade the South or start a war with its citizens. “Physically speaking, we can not separate. We can not remove our respective sections from each other nor build an impassable wall between them. A husband and wife may be divorced and go out of the presence and beyond the reach of each other, but the different parts of our country can not do this.” -Even if the Southern states secede, they will still be physically connected to the United States. “In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The Government will not assail you. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath registered in heaven to destroy the Government, while I shall have the most solemn one to ‘preserve, protect, and defend it.’” -It is up to the Confederate States whether or not there will be a war because the U.S. government will not attack them. Lincoln will do his best to protect the union. -As he closed his speech, Lincoln stated, “We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies.” The first shots of the Civil War would be fired the following month at Ft.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture