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1. The automatic tendency to maintain a relatively constant internal environment is called homeostasis.●True●False2. The ATP/CP pathway is considered aerobic metabolism.3. About 98% of the human body is composed of only six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorous.4. Mitochondria are known as the powerhouse of the cell.5. The heart, arteries, and veins are part of the circulatory system.●True●False6. There are 80 bones in the axial skeleton.7. The origin is the distal attachment of a muscle.8. Type II muscle fibers are aerobic.9. In a concentric contraction, the muscles shorten to produce movements.●True●False10. An antagonist muscle is one that has an action directly opposite to that of the agonist.11. Magnitude, direction, point of application, and line of action are the four components of force.12. Newton's third law of motion deals with force and its relationship to mass and acceleration.13. A high development of the agonist-antagonist function is essential to the development of dynamic balance.●True●False14. The hamstrings muscles are two-joint muscles that act at the knee and ankle.
15. Given certain constraints, strength is our ability to contract our muscles with maximum force.16. The Valsalva maneuver involves expiring against a closed glottis and, when combined with contracting muscles of the abdomen and ribcage, creates rigidity in the entire torso.17. The term "anaerobic" indicates the presence of oxygen.●True●False18. Cross training utilizes one mode of training to develop a specific component of fitness.19. The Golgi tendon organ detects the magnitude of mechanical stress at the musculotendinous junction.20. Decreased temperature helps to facilitate increases in ROM.21. BMI stands for basal metabolic rate.●True●False22. Total body fat is comprised of essential and storage body fat.23. Data collection and guided discovery are two of five steps in the ISSA drawing-in phase.24. Vague goals are more attainable than specific goals.25. Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels.●True●False