Psychology 103H Midterm Study Guide.docx - Psychology 103H...

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Psychology 103H Final Study GuideChapter 1: What is Health Psychology?Health Psychology: exciting and relatively new field devoted to understanding psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why people become ill and how they respond when they do get ill (how to stay healthy, why ill, and how to respond when ill)Health Psychologists focus on:Health promotion and maintenance Prevention and treatment of illnessEtiology (causes) and correlates of health, illness, and dysfunctionHealth care system and formulation of health policy What is Health?Health can be thought of as an illness-wellness continuum between optimal wellness and deathMind Body RelationshipBody: physical beingMind: thoughts, emotions, perceptionsIntertwined but now seen as separatePrehistoric Perspective: Evil Spiritscauses of illness: unknownattribution of illness: bewitchment, possession by evil spiritsTreatment for illness: rituals of sorcery, exorcism, trephinationAncient Greece Perspectiveknown causes of illness: disease is a natural phenomenonattribution of illness: knowable, physical causestreatment for illness: knowable, worthy of studyHippocrates: Humoral Theory Perspectivefirst rational explanation of diseasehealth is defined as when the four humors (yellow bile, black bile, blood, and phlegm) arebalancedto stay healthy you would have to live a balanced lifestylediseases: when the humors are out of balance, where the body and mind are affectedsymptoms could be headaches or anxietytreatment: bloodletting, enemas, cooling bathsMiddle Age Perspectivecauses of illness: divine punishment for sinstreatment: miraculous intervention, invoking of saints, bloodlettingBiological Advances in Medicine1800s/1900s:development of microscopesGerm Theory: disease caused by microscopic organizations (immunization)x-rays discoveredgas ether used as anesthetic → The Biomedical Model of HealthBiomedical Medicine1900sMaintains that all illness has a biological cause
Basic Assumptions:disease is the result of a pathogen (virus, bacterium, microorganism invading the body) or an organ not functioning rightmind and body are autonomous and separatehealth is the absence of diseasesuccesses: works for acute illness/infectious diseasefailures: doesn't work for chronic illnessesNot wrong unless used improperly - biomedical medicine WORKSPsychosomatic Medicine20th centuryPatterns of personality are linked to an illness (i.e. ulcer prone personality - excessive need for dependency and love)Bodily disorders are caused by emotional conflictsCriticism: limited to a set of "psychosomatic diseases" (i.e. ulcers, asthma, etc.)Why the new focus on the find?

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