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used when epilepsy is associated with an evolving neurological condition (31). The probable aetiology or risk factor for epilepsy depends on the age of the patient and the type of seizure (47–52). The most common acquired causes in young infants are perinatal hypoxia and trauma, metabolic disturbances, congenital malformations of the brain, and infection. In young children and adolescents, idiopathic epilepsies account for the majority of cases, although trauma and infection play a role. Febrile seizures, which are usually short convulsive attacks occurring during the early phase of a febrile disease, are common in children under the age of five years and need to be distinguished from seizures triggered by central nervous system infections causing fever, such as meningitis and encephalitis. Unless febrile seizures are prolonged, recurrent or occurring on a background of neurological handicap, the prognosis is excellent, and it is unlikely that the child will develop chronic epilepsy. The causes of adult onset epilepsy
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  • Fall '15
  • Neurology, rolandic epilepsy, genetically determined epilepsies

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