Problem of God Exam 1 Review.docx - Problem of God Exam 1...

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Problem of God Exam 1 Review Nietzsche: 1) Declaration of war on “idols”==> The end of the Platonic/Socratic truth; declaration of war on philosophers who had previously shaped Western thought. ⇒ Something new, uncharted. ⇒ Dionysian outlook on life. 2) Reality: sides with Heraclitus: everything is changing, in movement. Heraclitus: “You’re never in the same river twice”. Pseudo-positivist: no after-life, reliance on science and instinct for truth. Morality: Whatever makes one stronger is good. What makes one weaker is bad. Christian suppression of instincts/desires is wrong. Follow body . No intrinsic morality/duty? ⇒ Morality is anti-nature . Admired Cesare Borgia Human existence: pseudo-existentialist⇒ nothing beyond the physical world. Similar to JP Sartre’s conception of existentialism. 3) Critiques: - Plato : No such thing as a soul. Does not appear in other bodies. Reason is better than instincts. Anything that changes isn’t really real. - Kant : no objective morality/ categorical imperative. - Judaism : declining civilization, because they suppress beauty, glory, success, power, self- affirmation. - Christianity : same critique. - “The instinct of ressentiment said no to everything on earth that represented the ascending movement of life: success, power, beauty, self-affirmation; but it could do this only by becoming ingenious and inventing another world, a world that viewed affirmation of life as evil, as intrinsically reprehensible.” (Anti Christ) Success, beauty, glory, self-affirmation: ascending characteristics. 4) Will to power: when our will to power wanes, physiological/ physical decadence and declension ensue. ⇒ must constantly be looking to better yourself/your situation. Euripedes: “The Bacche” Dionysus: God of wine and debauchery - Would organize orgies and alcohol-fueled parties - Tragedy in play: mother confuses son for animal and slays him in ecstasy.
- Ecstasy: being outside of your own body. - Q: Can you affirm life even with tragedy?

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