Midterm Exam Study Guide

Midterm Exam Study Guide - SOCI 150 Midterm Study Guide...

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SOCI 150 Midterm Study Guide Exam Concepts List Biography and history Def : to understand the individual’s biography we must understand the circumstance and time period (historical context) he lived in interaction between the individual and society Ex: Stein book have to understand the historical context of Timbertown in order to understand why the people of Timbertown were against gays - Problems: poverty, unemployment, decline of male breadwinner role Sociological Imagination Def: makes us aware that our individual problems are really part of a larger historical context (interrelated, relationship exists) - Historical context  generational cohorts  individual life changes Ex : WWI changed previous societal roles that male was the breadwinner and the women was “objectified” housewife = male no longer the sole breadwinner due to the effects of WWI Personal troubles, public issues Personal troubles: individual problem/trouble = lies within the range of the individual = individual solution - Ex : failing a class Public issue: issue is a public matter; the structure of opportunity = problem - Cannot rely on individual solution because the problem is related to structure - Ex: bad education system Generational cohorts Def : large groups of people, roughly of the same age group - Group of individuals that share certain things - Society, location, gender, race, etc. are what shape your experience in it Ex : Professor Messner showed us pictures of his 1 st grade class to demonstrate this – baby boom and Pearl Harbor = they all shared this Social Structure Def: patterned social relations constrains and enables people’s perceptions, choices, and actions - Existentialist perspective : all doomed to be free = responsible for own choices - Social determinist perspective : everything we do and think – including our belief that we are free – is determined by social forces outside our control o We are organisms that respond to our surroundings, responses to conditions in our society; make choices w/in social constraints
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- Sociological perspective : humans make choices (collective actions), but within structured contexts that constrain and enable choices and actions we act in patterned ways - Collective behavior is “structured social action” Ex: issue of homosexuality, hegemony is a social norm = constrains and enables individuals perceptions the gay sub-culture is alienated Functionalist Theory (far right) Def : society is like the human body made up of integral different parts that must all work together, interdependent; response to the conflict theory (everyone should be equal) - Shift from traditional to modern societies (Emile Durkheim concerned with the “potential breakdown of social order”) - Different institutions in society but can’t function on their own, solidarity - Better socialization = conformity and prevents deviance ; institutional control of deviance (i.e. through churches, schools, family) Ex : Stein
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2008 for the course SOCI 150gm taught by Professor Kaplan during the Spring '06 term at USC.

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Midterm Exam Study Guide - SOCI 150 Midterm Study Guide...

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