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Final Exam Study Guide

Final Exam Study Guide - SOCI 150 Final Exam Study Guide...

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SOCI 150 Final Exam Study Guide Key Concepts List Social stratification Def: the division of social classes within society; the way society is divided or built to include structural inequalities based on race, class, gender, age, sexuality etc. Ex: 3 different types of social stratification: 1. social class - economic 2. racial class - race 3. sexual class – gender - immigrant Latinas have different opportunities than their employers do Income and wealth Income: what we live on/salary - can tell us how people are living to a certain degree Wealth: what we own - how much $ we have in the bank or what kind of house (i.e. mansion) we live in Ex: in class lecture talked about how Feagin and O’Brien said that this is one of the ways we evaluate social stratification - Top 5% of population owns over 60% of the wealth - 40% of population have 0 or negative wealth Invisible knapsack of privilege Def: unearned advantages one receives solely by virtue of group membership (being white); “invisible knapsack” of these significant advantages in negotiating everyday life, which most whites are taught not to notice Ex: Feagin and O’Brien talk about how whites gain privilege not so much from work, but from holding the conventional white position in society’s racial hierarchy (interviews with white men who agree with the privileges of being white) – being the majority, given the benefit of the doubt - Messner got hired because all employers were white and they felt more comfortable with him, even though he wasn’t as qualified as other competitors The White bubble Def: idea that whites are raised in an environment where there is no sustained equal- status contact or outside influences from other cultures/races; do not interact with minorities Ex: Feagin and O’Brien talk about how whites lack of contact leads to ignorance about black Americans etc; seeing Latinos only as nannies or housekeepers, not as equals Sincere fictions Def: things that sincerely people believe in, however they are not true = social myths; fictional beliefs used to defend or hide certain societal realities
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Ex: the American dream – belief that you can work your way up to the top from the bottom, but a lot of times you can’t; hard work and success is not true for all (reality = discrimination) - The belief in colorblindness – people on tend to be ‘colorblind’ when its convenient, white men believing there is no more racism in society - Stereotypes: i.e. blacks are good athletes Cultural-deficiency perspective Def: belief that something is deficient about the culture of a group and this deficiency is what causes them to remain in a subordinated position Ex: Feagin and O’Brien – discusses how this perspective views white Americans as having better values (e.g. a good work ethic), families, and communities than Americans of other races – example of a sincere fiction – this quality leads to their success Affirmative action Def: positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and people of color into
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Final Exam Study Guide - SOCI 150 Final Exam Study Guide...

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