PSY 213-02 Spring 2018 April 30, 2018 Human Growth & Development Human development is really complicated. I will use Uri Bronfenbrenner’s
ecological theory and Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development theory to explain different types of influences and living environments and how they made my cousin become who he is today. For example, he was born in a poor single mother family, I think that his development in that environment gave him a chance to grow up faster and gave him more opportunities to become independent to explore the world. Unlike other people, he doesn't complain about his family or the God why he can't be a successful person. Blame it on him because they are born into a poor family, and they don't have a rich father to support their life etc. In Erik Erikson's stages of Psychosocial Development, there are eight stages, but for this case, I will only use the first six stages because my cousin has not yet to meet the stage after the sixth. The first stage is Basic Trust vs. Mistrust, which happens between one to two years old. As an infants before one and half years old, due to his mother working in the factory, during the daily hours he was raised by his aunt and his mother's friend and her mother's, After he turned one and half years old, his mother sent him to Hong Kong to live with his father, but his mother didn't come to Hong Kong for the following six months. In this period even though he was an infant, he was supposed to build trust with the world so he would start wondering whether it was safe or not. Infants learn that if they trust someone now, they can also trust others in the future. But I think he was experiencing a lot of fear, so he developed doubt and mistrust. That is because he was missing a key to his development
because his mother was not always with him at this stage. The second stage is Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt, which happens in early childhood around two to four years old. In my cousin's early childhood, he experienced himself discovered his body, and developed self-confidence at this stage. He had no doubt about being himself. The third stage is Initiative vs. Guilt, which occurs in the preschool age around four to five years old. In preschool, he could try out new things and learn the basic lessons in the kindergarten. Although he never asked his parents was okay for him to do what he wanted to do, they let him explore the world and he could follow his interests to achieve his goal.
- Fall '16
- Developmental Psychology, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Erik Erikson