Final cheatsheet

Final cheatsheet - 3) The slogan "weapons that kill...

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3) The slogan “weapons that kill weapons are bad, while weapons that kill people are good” is referring to nuclear warfare strategy specifically relating to the concept of deterrence. The theory of deterrence involves the notion that an aggressor will not utilize nuclear arms against a nation also possessing nuclear arms for fear of retribution. In theory, the inability of either belligerent to restrain an adversary from reciprocating with nuclear weapons makes the opportunity cost of nuclear arms unfeasible. In this sense, the deployment of nuclear arms is discouraged to the point that they will not be used. However, if a nation were capable of employing a counterforce first-strike strategy to destroy an adversary’s nuclear abilities, deterrence would fail as the fear of reciprocation would no longer be relevant. The slogan is derived from this logic. The fear of second strike counter-value weapons which would in essence “kill people” restrains the use of nuclear arms and is thus “good.” The idea of weapons being used in a first-strike counter- force method to destroy or “kill” the “weapons” necessary for the reciprocal second-strike makes nuclear warfare a legitimate option and is hence “bad.” Historical evidence suggests this to be a substantially valid doctrine as no nation has ever utilized nuclear arms against an enemy nation who also possesses nuclear weapons. The only attack involving nuclear arms was the US bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on the 6 th and 9 th of August 1945, respectively to conclude World War II. Gross and Buckley both assert that by the mid 1950’s the Soviet Union had developed a nuclear arsenal to rival that of the United States. This effectively ushered in the nuclear defense policy of deterrence advocated by USAAF General Hap Arnold and his successor Carl Spaatz. 4) President Truman signed The National Security Act of 1947 effectively reorganizing the United States armed forces and establishing an independent Air Force. The establishment of an autonomous air arm in the US was largely due in part to address the new post-war national defense concerns. Congress adopted a pro air power outlook which was well- defined by a direct quote of General Jimmy Doolittle from a report submitted prior to the establishment of the USAF. "I believe that the future security of our nation is dependent upon an adequate air
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2008 for the course HIST 213 taught by Professor Caddell during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Final cheatsheet - 3) The slogan "weapons that kill...

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