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IRD 403: SOCIAL CHANGE AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICACourse objectives: this course aims at enabling the students:1) Understand the concept social change within the broad tapestry of the discourse of development, and 2) Understand the theories of social with a view of illuminating some aspects of Kenya and Africa’s socio-economic and political development.Course lecturer: Mr Bramwel MatuiCourse outline1. Introduction to Social change & DevelopmentMeaning of developmentMeaning of social changeThe nature/attributes of social change2. The factors and sources of social change 1ColonialismCapitalismModernizationUrbanization3. The factors and sources of social change IIDemographic factorsCultural factorsTechnological factorsIdeological factorsmedia4. The theories of Social ChangeEvolutionary theoriesFunctionalist theorieslinear determinist theories Cyclical theories /DeteriorationtheoriesMultilinear theories of social change5. International law and social changeIus ad bellumIus in bello6. Obstacles to positive social change in KenyaCultural barriersSocial barrierPolitical barriersEconomic barriers7. International Organizations & Social ChangeMeaning of international organizationTheories of international organizationImpact of international organization on state sovereigntyImpact of international organization on democracyReferencesChinua Achebe (2009).The education of a British protected child. New York: Anchor booksHaralombos Michael, Martin Holborn & Robin Heald (2008).Sociology: Themes and perspectives. London: Collins1
Iliffe john (2007).Africans: the history of a continent.2rd edition: Cambridge University PressMaton Robert M. “The establishment of the colonial economy” in William Robert Ochieng andRobert M. Maton (1992). An Economic history of Kenya. Nairobi: East African EducationalPublishers.Ngugi Wa Thiongo (1993). Moving the Centre: The struggle for cultural freedoms. London:currency U.A.Peil Margaret & Olatunji Oyeneye (1998). Consensus, conflict and change: A Sociological introduction to African societies. Nairobi: East African educational publishers.pp.282-313Todaro Michael p. & Stephen C. Smith. (2003).Economic Development.8thedition. George Washington University: Pearson Education.PP.713-718The World Bank (2008) finance for all? Policies and pitfalls in expanding access. Washington: IBRD/World Bank.2
TOPIC 1: MEANING AND DEFINITION OF KEY CONCEPTSa)Development:It is a positive quantitative and qualitative change in society. Quantitativehere implies growth in the output of goods and services as reflected by the economicindicators such as gross domestic product (GDP) Gross National Product (GNP) etc.

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