Health Promotion Model Transcript.docx - Nola J Penders...

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Nola J. Pender’s Health Promotion ModelNola Pender was born in 1941 in Lansing, Michigan. She received her B.S.N at the University of Michigan in 1964. In 1965, she received her M.A. in human growth and development from the University of Michigan. In 1969, she received her Ph. D in psychology and education. She developed the “Girls On The Move” with her research team. She has also been a nurse educator for over 40 years. In 1975, she published “ A Conceptual Model for Preventative Health Behavior”. The first edition of “Health Promotion in Nursing Practice” was published in 1982. Nola Pender has been a recipient of many awards and honors such as the American Psychological Association Award in 1997. She has consulted with nurse scientists in Japan, Mexico, Thailand, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, England, New Zealand, and Chile. I chose the Health Promotion Model because I believe health promotion can impact a patient’s quality of life. Health promotion is central to nursing practice and having worked on a cardiac unit and now in the cardiac catherization lab, I can use the Health Promotion Model as a guide to explore my patient’s motivation to change their lifestyle. By knowing their prior experiences and interactions, I can know how to better educate my patients. The ultimate goal is to assist patients into learning how to care for themselves and make choices that promote their health. The Health Promotion Model was developed in the 1980’s. It is known in research as a middle-range theory. The purpose of the Health Promotion Model is to “assist nurses in understanding the major determinants of health behaviors as a basis for behavior counseling to promote healthy lifestyles” (Pender, 2011). The Health Promotion Model focuses on positive motivation instead of negatives. The five key concepts to consider are: person-biopsychosocial and affected by the environment, environment- can be manipulated by person, nursing- multiple
individuals coming together to create the optimal health outcome, health- referring to the individual and it is a life experience that is constantly changing, and illness- event(s) that can hinder an individual’s health.The components of the model (Pender, 2011) include the individual characteristics and experiences. These are prior related behaviors and personal factors. Behavior-specific cognition and affect is another component of the model. These include perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, perceived self-efficacy, activity related affect, interpersonal influences, situational influences, commitment to a plan of action, and immediate competing demands and preferences. Behavior outcome component includes the health promoting behavior.

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