Speech_FAS.docx - Alina Katrevich Speech Fetal Alcohol...

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Alina KatrevichSpeech “Fetal Alcohol Syndrome” Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition that results from prenatal alcohol exposure. If you drink during pregnancy, you place your baby at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome. The defects that are part of fetal alcohol syndrome are irreversible and can include serious physical, mental and behavioral problems, though they vary from one child to another. As many as 40,000 babies are born with some type of alcohol-related damage each year in the United States. If you suspect that your child has fetal alcohol syndrome, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis may reduce the risk of problems associated with fetal alcohol syndrome, including troubles at school, with substance abuse andwith the law. Fetal alcohol syndrome isn't a single birth defect. It's a cluster of related problems and the most severe of a group of consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure. Collectively, the range of disorders is known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Fetal alcohol syndrome is a common — yet preventable — cause of mental retardation. The severity of mental problems varies, with some children experiencing them to a far greater degree than others.Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip Heart defects Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers, Slow physical growth before and after birth, Vision difficulties or hearing problems Small head circumference and brain size (microcephaly) ,Poor coordination, Sleep problems, Mental retardation and delayed development ,Learning
disorders ,Abnormal behavior, such as a short attention span, hyperactivity, poor impulse control, extreme nervousness and anxiety, The facial features seen with fetal alcohol syndrome may also occur in normal, healthy children. Distinguishing normal facial features from those of fetal alcohol syndrome

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