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1. For what purpose did John Muir and the members of the Sierra Club want to preserve wilderness, such as the Yosemite Valley, in the early twentieth century?A.To ensure that the United States' natural resources could be used efficiently through measures like livestock grazing and building hydroelectric powerB.To protect land that had historical significance to local Native American tribes from being developed by American businessmenC.To provide a place where urban Americans could escape the bustling cities and restore their health and wellness while surrounded by natureD.To create a designated space in which American men could safely and responsibly enjoy hunting and fishing all year roundCorrect. The answer is c. John Muir and the Sierra Club wanted to protect nature from development and destruction, but they did not support preservation for preservation’s sake. Instead, the Sierra Club believed that places like Yosemite Valley would be ideal escapes for harried, unhealthy city dwellers. They argued that preserving Yosemite would ensure that the “healing power of Nature” was widely accessible for urban Americans.Points awarded: 1 out of 1