Alkanes Notes and Naming.pdf - Alkanes Alkanes are aliphatic hydrocarbons that only contain single bonds Since each carbon is bonded to the maximum

Alkanes Notes and Naming.pdf - Alkanes Alkanes are...

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Alkanes Alkanes are aliphatic hydrocarbons that only contain single bonds. Since each carbon is bonded to the maximum possible number of atoms, alkanes are described as being saturated compounds. Alkanes vary by the repeated unit CH2, and have the general formula CnH2n+2Naming Alkanes Scientists use the “Prefix + Root + Suffix” method for naming all organic chemicals. The root describes how many carbons are in your main chain or backbone. The suffix indicates what organic family the molecule is in. The prefix describes the type, number and location of any branches. The naming rules for organics use alkanes as the base molecule then add special rules for other families. Use the following steps to name an alkane: 1.Find the main chain (longest consecutive chain of C’s). Use the appropriate organic prefix for your root name (1 = meth, 2 = eth, 3 = prop, 4 = but, 5 =

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