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Unformatted text preview: 11-5Test 2 ReviewIndustrialization and ImperialismBefore the arrival of the imperialists, the majority of the people of the 3rdworld were involved in producing food for their own.However , as a result of industrialization and development of capitalism, Europe required new sources of primary agricultural commodities to feed the urban labor force and to provide raw materials for the factories.Imperialism produced a world of economic specialization-Manufacturing in Europe (core)-Agricultural and mining production in the 3rdworld (periphery):Labor ShortageColonialists in the 3rdworld often faced intensive labor shortagesSolutions-slave trade-Indentured service (labor contract)-Europeans also devised ways of forcing the local people to work for them-e.g. Dutch in Indonesia: the cultural system, a kind of throwback to European medieval feudalism-Native people were required to devote a certain portion of their land and labor to the production of export products.- Hut or head taxExploitation of workers and resources-A enormous system of worldwide trade in primary commodities grew upo– It was a system that depended upon impoverished labor forcesoIncome was earned in the colonies from these export industriesBut it was not earned by the working people who might have been able to use it creatively to improve their livesAlienation...
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/25/2008 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas.
- Fall '08