lecture 10-18 to 10-23 - Lecture 10/18-10/23...

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Lecture 10/18-10/23 Characteristics of Durkheim’s types of Social Solidarity Mechanical: found in simple, preliterate of societies Moral and social similarity Great conformity to tradition Most property communally owned Interpersonal relations based on loyalty and trust “Sacred” orientation life ordered by religious values Organic: Found in complex indust societies Moral and social diversity Less traditional or essentially tradition less Individual differences and variation encouraged Most property privately owned Nuclear family (parents and children as principle kin) Interpersonal relations based on contracts “Secular” orientation life ordered by worldly values. Tonnies – types of societies (Amish) Gemeinschaft – Intimate community (Primary group) Gesselschaft – Impersonal relationships Secondary group – self interests and individual achievements GEORGE RITZER
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Lecture 10/18-10/23 Formal organization – a large grouping of people (secondary group) structured upon impersonal relationships Rationally designed – achieve specific objectives Formal organizations – structured based on impersonal bureaucracies : playing by rules Weber: bureaucracy – the most efficient means of managing a large group of people: ‘ iron age’ Goal: to maintain order
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lecture 10-18 to 10-23 - Lecture 10/18-10/23...

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