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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7 BUREACRACY and formal organizations The Rationalization of Society Rationality-using rules, efficiency, and practical results to determine human affairs Until recently people were immersed in a … Traditional orientation-the idea that the past is the best guide for the present; characterizes tribal, peasant, and feudal societies. Marx: Capitalism Broke Tradition-Investors saw it to be more efficient. -rationality of capitalism replaced the traditional approach to life. -conclusion: the change to capitalism changed the way people thought about life. Weber: Religion Broke Tradition-realized that capitalism only flourished in certain parts of Europe where the “protestant ethic” thrived. -concluded that Catholic doctrine emphasized acceptance of present arrangements, not change. -Protestantism opens people to change. -Calvinists embraced capitalism because of their faith that god favors those who are successful. Protestantism produced rationality VS. Capitalism produced rationality Major consequence of rationality was the development of FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS-a secondary group designed to achieve explicit objectives BUREAUCRACY-a formal organization with a hierarchy of authority and a clear division of labor; emphasis on written rules, communications, and records; and impersonality of positions, all of which are characteristics of bureaucracy. Instead of labeling “bureaucracy” or “not a bureaucracy.” Examine the extent of bureaucratization! “Ideal” vs. “Real” Bureaucracy The McDonaldization of society-the process by which ordinary aspects of life become rationalized and efficiency comes to rule them, including such things as food preparation. comes to rule them, including such things as food preparation....
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2008 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Fall '08