Chapter 2 Exam Notes.docx - Chapter 2 Exam Notes Fideism vs Strong Rationalism Reductio(Anselms ontological argument How It Works Reductio ad absurdum

Chapter 2 Exam Notes.docx - Chapter 2 Exam Notes Fideism vs...

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Chapter 2 Exam Notes Fideism vs. Strong Rationalism Reductio (Anselm’s ontological argument) How It Works Reductio ad absurdum is a technique to expose the fallacy through following its implications logically t an absurd conclusion. Believed in God by faith Longed for reasons for believers Harmony between faith and Reason Not meant to convince someone to believe in God Argument to give intellectual satisfaction to those who already believe A deductive argument: produces a conclusion that must be accepted Relies solely on definitions and principals not facts or experience Based on definitions the originator thinks everyone would accept Anselm defines God as that than witch none greater can be thought or conceived The greatest possible being If God is, would God be God if God didn’t exist in the world in reality If God was only a definition in the mind than God wouldn’t be God, he wouldn’t be the greater being This is a reduction – trying to get people to see the absurdity to denying Gods existence One of the most fascinating arguments for the existence of an all-perfect God is the ontological argument. While there are several different versions of the argument, all purport to show that it is self-contradictory to deny that there exists a greatest possible being. Thus, on this general line of argument, it is a necessary truth that such a being exists; and this being is the God of traditional Western theism.
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Most of the arguments for God's existence rely on at least one empirical premise. For example, the "fine-tuning" version of the design argument depends on empirical evidence of intelligent design; in particular, it turns on the empirical claim that, as a nomological matter, that is, as a matter of law, life could not have developed if certain fundamental properties of the universe were to have differed even slightly from what they are. Likewise, cosmological arguments depend on certain empirical claims about the explanation for the occurrence of empirical events. In contrast, the ontological arguments are conceptual in roughly the following sense: just as the propositions constituting the concept of a bachelor imply that every bachelor is male, the propositions constituting the concept of God, according to the ontological argument, imply that God exists. There is, of course, this difference: whereas the concept of a bachelor explicitly contains the proposition that bachelors are unmarried, the concept of God does not explicitly contain any proposition asserting the existence of such a being. Even so, the basic idea is the same: ontological arguments attempt to show that we can deduce God's existence from, so to speak, the very definition of God. The argument in this difficult passage can accurately be summarized in standard form: 1. It is a conceptual truth (or, so to speak, true by definition) that God is a being than which none greater can be imagined (that is, the greatest possible being that can be imagined).
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