SOCIOLOGY 154: Medical Sociology
Final Examination Review/Study Questions
The exam will be worth 100 points and constitutes 40% of the course grade.
The review questions provided below, along with the basic concepts/terms from
each chapter (see the powerpoint slides), will be the basis for the short answer
Individual’s perceptions and choices about their health and illness
behaviors are an aspect and reflection of society.
Outline and describe the revised health beliefs model.
Using this model
and/or the framework of predisposing, enabling, and need conditions, summarize
the social demography of health lifestyles, self-care, and preventive/therapeutic
medical care utilization.
Explain the health lifestyles model in Figure 6.1. What is the major
contribution of this model in explaining lifestyles? What are health lifestyles? Do
all segments of society participate equally in health behaviors - why or why not?
Discuss cultural variations in health lifestyles as evidenced by studies in the U.S.
and Western and Eastern Europe. Who are the uninsured in the U.S.;why this
Discuss trends in physician utilization by social class - who goes
the most often? Why do the poor not go to the doctor as often as they should?
How do social variables such as ethnicity and social class influence help-seeking
behavior and the recognition of symptoms?
Illness is a social construction, and thus the definition and meaning of
illness varies historically and culturally.
Discuss the “medicalization of society.
Describe three social groups who
have been influential in the process of medicalization in this country.
advantageous and disadvantageous consequences of medicalization. Describe
and critique the components of the sick role.