Chapter 2 Give Me Liberty Updated Version.pptx - CHAPTER 2...

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CHAPTER 2: BEGINNINGS OF ENGLISH AMERICA, 1607-1660
I. Jamestown Who were the First Residents of JamestownOn May 13, 1607 three English ships the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery with approximately 144 settlers and sailors, will land and plant the first permanent English colony in North America. Established by the Virginia Company of London this settlement would be called Jamestown, after king James I. On June 15, 1607 the fleet commander Captain Christopher Newport will return to England leaving 104 settlers in the banks of James River.
Famine, disease and conflict with local Native American tribes in the first two years brought Jamestown to the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies in 1610. Tobacco became Virginia’s first profitable export, and a period of peace followed the marriage of colonist John Rolfe to Pocahontas, the daughter of an Algonquian chief. During the 1620s, Jamestown expanded from the area around the original James Fort into a New Town built to the east; it remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699.
English social crisis in the late 16thcenturyThe true fact of the English social crisis in the 16thcentury was the worsening economy and the enclosure movement which led to an increase in the number of poor and a social crisis. Unruly poor people were encouraged to leave England for the New World.Discovering the population explosion and the rural displacement that became more pronounce to overcrowding among the poor people.
II. England and the New World A.Unifying the English Nation 1. England’s stability in the sixteenth century was undermined by religious conflicts. B. England and Ireland 1. England’s methods to subdue Ireland in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries established patterns that would be repeated in America. (Ireland/Catholic v. English/Protestant) C. England and North America 1. The English crown issued charters for individuals such as Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh to colonize America at their own expense, but both failed. D. Spreading Protestantism 1. Anti-Catholicism had become deeply ingrained in English popular culture. 2. A Discourse Concerning Western Planting argued that settlement would strike a blow at England’s enemy: Spain. E. Motives for Colonization 1. National glory, profit, and a missionary zeal motivated the English crown to settle America. 2. It was also argued that trade, not mineral wealth, would be the basis of England’s empire.
F. The Social Crisis 1. A worsening economy and the enclosure movement led to an increase in the number of poor and a social crisis. 2. Unruly poor were encouraged to leave England for the New World. G. Masterless Men 1. Thomas Moore’s Utopia (1516) describes a place such as many could imagine America, a place where settlers could go to escape the economic inequalities of Europe.

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