DBQ: Analyze Luther’s Actions Influences on European Society and Religion Historical Background: In the 1500s, the majority of Europe was under the influence of the Catholic Church. Many Theologians began examining the bible and rebelling against the popes, who they felt had began abusing their power. German Theologian, Martin Luther became a prominent advocate for change in the church, and throughout his life spread the influence of Protestantism In Europe.Document 1 (religious) Source: Evidence of Luther’s religious influence, through the process of conversion experienced and written by John and Charles Wesley in 1738, founders of the Methodist Church in America, a denomination of Protestant Christianity. Not only was Luther's Preface to the Epistle of the Romans read at a meeting at Aldersgate Street the evening John Wesley was evangelically converted, but Luther also had a profound influence in the conversion of Charles Wesley.John now argued that instantaneous conversions ceased after apostolic times.They all concurred that "this faith was the gift, the free gift of God, and that he would surely bestow it upon every soul who earnestly and perseveringly sought it." John wrote, "I was not thoroughly convinced. And, by the grace of God, I resolved to seek it unto the end."Two days later, on April 25, 1738, John preached this new truth. Charles recorded in his journal, "We fell into a dispute whether conversion was gradual or instantaneous. My brother was very positive for the latter, and very shocking; mentioned some late instances of gross sinners believing in a moment. I was much offended at his worse than unedififying discourse. I insisted a man need not know when first he had faith." It was three weeks later that Charles discovered Martin Luther's Commentary on Galatians. As he read from it he was "astonished I should ever think justification by faith alone is a new doctrine. From this time I endeavored to ground as many of our friends as came in this fundamental truth, salvation by faith alone." Charles recorded that Luther had been a great blessing to him, especially his conclusion of the second chapter.He wrote, "I now found myself at peace with God, and rejoiced in hope of loving Christ. I saw that by faith I stood; by the continual support of faith, which kept me from falling, though of myself I am ever sinking into sin." Reasoner, Vic. "The Influence of Martin Luther." The Arminian. Fundamental Wesleyan Society, 1995. Web. 10 Oct. 2016. Document 2
Source: A 16th century woodcut done by artist and friend of Luther, Lucas Cranach, called “ Christ vs. the Antichrist” Edwards, Mark, Jr. "Martin Luther." Frontline. WGBH Educational Foundation, 1995. Web. 10 Oct. 2016. Document 3 Source: An excerpt from “War of the Peasants”, by writer, Klemen Loffler, describing the German Peasant revolt of 1524-1525.