Lauren-Vandaniker-Technology-Impact-On-Nursing-Practice.docx...

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1Running head: IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON NURSING PRACTICEImpact of Technology on Nursing PracticeLauren VanDanikerUniversity of Delaware
IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON NURSING PRACTICE2Impact of Technology on Nursing PracticeTechnology is changing the world at a rapid speed and the impact is very evident in the healthcare setting. Nursing practice is constantly evolving along with the technology being used to enhance and deliver patient care. The currently stored global healthcare data, which includes demographic data, laboratory results, nurse charted data, diagnostic reports, physicians notes, scanned documents, claims data, trials data, and genomic stores, comes to a total estimate of 150 billion gigabytes, which can be compared to a laptop with a hard drive of 4 gigabytes of memory(Howard, 2011). Emerging technologies are being integrated into nursing practice for reasons such as reducing medication errors, improving safety and efficiency, freeing workers from tasks, providing evidence for care plan decisions, making health information accessible to patients, monitoring workforce, empowering patients to be involved in care, and coordinating care across settings. However, there are barriers with these technologies such as ethical dilemmas, healthcareliteracy, and moving care outside of the physician’s office or hospital. Several factors may influence the appropriate use of technologies and determine their success or failure such as the complexity of the hospital workplace, limitations in the number of care components that can be automated, and the technologies’ interaction with human factors. Integrating technology into practice is challenging as well as expensive. Nurses play a critical role in implementing new technology and must be trained with skills to understand how to use the devices. The emerging technologies that are impacting practice consist of genomics, less invasive tools for diagnosis and treatment, automated dispensing machines, computerized physician order entry, electronic medication administration records, robotics, 3-D printing, nurse call systems, wearable chips, electrocardiogram necklaces, and smartphones. In addition, a field of nursing informatics has
IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON NURSING PRACTICE3emerged which is a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data and information. According to Elizabeth Halley, a nurse informaticist, “Health information technology is the greatest tool available to transform and innovate nursing care” (personal communication, October 10, 2015). According to The American Cancer Society (2011), genetic testing is being used for many reasons. One benefit is the predictive value in identifying gene mutations that put a person at risk of developing a disease such as cancer, cystic fibrosis, sickle-cell anemia, or Tay-Sachs.

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