102 Second In-Term Study Guide-2.doc - GHIST102 World History Since 1500 Instructor M.J.Seth Fall 2014 Second In-Term Study Guide The Second in-term

102 Second In-Term Study Guide-2.doc - GHIST102 World...

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GHIST102 World History Since 1500 Instructor: M.J.Seth Fall 2014 Second In-Term Study Guide The Second in-term exam will be the same format as the first: 25 short answer questions. All questions are based on the coursepack, the lectures, the Communist Manifesto, and on Things Fall Apart . If you know the following you should do well on the exam. Chapter 5 What nationalism is and when it emerged Nationalism is the belief by a group of people that they belong to a nation. A nation or a community that shares a sense of a common heritage and a common destiny. What binds a nation together is the membership in a state and the shared experiences of belonging to the state and thus creating a sense of nationhood. Ex: languages, customs, religion, common ancestry. Nationalism can be a considered a secular religion in that it occupies much of the emotional space once held by religion. Nationalism emerged from the creation of modern states. Modern states kept records of birth, deaths, and took census, created justice systems, efficient tax gathering agencies, and the regulation of public school systems. Began to issue passports and identity papers, maintain clear borders with immigration and customs officials. Nationalism is link to a sense of citizenship to a country. The origins of nationalism Origin of nationalism in Europe and in the Americas emerged in the 18 th and early 19 th centuries. Modern nationalism includes national flags, anthems, appeals to the “fatherland” and the mass mobilization of society for national projects such as war. The link between romanticism and nationalism This began in Germany in the late 19 th century among writers, poets, and social thinkers. Johann Wolfgang van Goethe (1749-1832) – A German poet and playwright At the end of the 18 th century the Romantic Movement spread outside Germany including the British poets such as Wadworth, Coleridge, and Bryron. Starting with Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
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The romantics were concerned with the expression of human emotions, of feelings, instincts and the non-rational part of human nature. They saw these as a source of truth, beauty, and wisdom. The Grimm brothers went to the countryside to collect and record folktales that were part of the oral tradition of German peasants. This glorification of the common people made the concept of democracy more palatable to the educated. It also led to the belief that different peoples had their own special folk spirit, a special way of thinking and feeling about the world embedded in the literature, music, art and customs that made a “peoples” unique. The link between nationalism and liberalism The link was embraced by the rising of the middle class Revolutions of 1848: o A combination of economic hard times in the 1840s that contributed to urban unrest, the unfulfilled aspiration of the nationalists and the frustration of liberal reformers living under conservative regimes resulted in a series of political upheavals that spread across Europe in 1848 France
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