Chapter 12: Politics, Society and the “Third World,” 1945-2000“Third World” – The Developing countries of the world. This includes most of Africa, Asia, andLatin America.Problems facing Africa – Lacking of education among Africans and trained personnel in thiscontinent. The countries boundaries were drawn up by Europeans not the Africans, so thesetribesmen were loyal to their tribes not their nations.OAU – Organization of African Unity in 1962 they pledged to respect the boundaries created bycolonial powers. This organization did not help civil wars like in BiafraANC – African National Congress – Black South Africans formed this, which allied with the smallSouth African Communist Party to resist the white government.Nelson Mandela famous ANCleaderNyerere – Tanzania leader, he tried to develop non-ideological, democratic socialism that drewupon African communal tradition but this did little to lift the country out of poverty.Nasser – Came to power in Egypt in 1952 and died in office as president in 1970, there seemedas a large possibility of creating a large united Arab state. Nasser became a champion of anti-
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Communism,Mao Zedong,People's Republic of China,Deng Xiaoping,black South Africans,South African Communist