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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology Notes March 6, 2008 Neolithic Transition- characterized by environmental changes- Pleistocene Megafauna o Died out because of environment changes and changes in food and strategy o Because of this, Homo had to rely more on plants and fishing for food Mesolithic- 12,000 to 10,000 years ago- Transition period- Characterized by microliths- First storage of food (pottery, etc)- Broad spectrum hunting o Increased in the variety of animals hunted o Had to measure cost/benefit ratio of hunting small game versus large game- People usually stayed in the same place for longer Mesolithic examples- Southwest Asia, Israel o Natufian culture o Storage o Broad spectrum hunting o Had sickles o Some social complexity egalitarian o Burial rituals- Americas o Called Archaic America o Maritime Archaic Culture, Canada o Elaborate burials o Fishing o No social stratification- Highland Mesoamerica o Central and South Mexico o Also fishing o No social stratification 1 Anthropology Notes March 6, 2008 Neolithic Revolution...
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- Spring '08