Professor McNicholsPsych 210: The Diversity of Human SexualityExam 3 Study GuideChapter 12– Sexual Development from Childhood through Adolescence1.Childhood sexual expressiona.Why is research on childhood sexuality limited and what is the current solution? Societal discomfort with subject, children are inaccurate relayers of information.Direct observation is difficult since sexual behavior is less frequent and difficult to recognize in children. Ethical and legal concerns. 2.The various dimensions of sexual development a.The cognitive dimension – way in which one’s mental understanding of sex develops. Sexual awareness develops with language acquisition and child’s ability to understand that they are a separate entity from their mother. b.The social (interpersonal) dimension –extent to which one’s experience and understanding of sex incorporate others ec.The gender dimension – understanding and sense of self/othersd.The orientation dimension – erotic attraction, love attachment. Who are you attracted to?e.Erotic dimension –sense of what pleasure feels like and how we experience/interpret these feelings. For Infants (Birth to 2 years)a.What are the typical sexual experiences of an infant? – need for touch is undifferentiated from other needs. Unfocussed behavior where infants develop erection or vaginal lubrication. b.How does the idea of sexuality develop cognitively? Parental stereotyping with clothes, toys, interaction with infant. c.How is gender experienced? Gender remains an undifferentiated category through infancy – no sense of their gender. d.What are typical rearing differences between boys and girls? Parental stereotyping of clothes and toys, manner in which parents interact with their children. e.How is eroticism experienced? Experienced pragmatically; if it feels good, get more or if it feels bad, stop doing it. f.What does the social dimension of sexuality consist of?Infants are egocentric – experience love objects (caregivers) as extensions of themselves, not as separate persons. g.What is the state of sexual orientation in infancy? Infants orient toward a sound or voice that is familiar. For early childhood (Age 2-8)a.The development of sexuality in early childhood – most young children develop natural curiosity about bodies. b.What are the typical sexual experiences of young children? Kissing, hugging,and stroking are common. Children this age may begin undressing/exposing their bodies to others. Masturbation may also
happen spontaneously at this age (European parents observe more children touching their genitals) c.How does the idea of sexuality develop cognitively? Love maps begin to develop, Loved.How is gender experienced? Conscious awareness of gender label and gender-correct behavior. Gender based on clothes/hair. Children learn about gender roles.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 29 pages?
- Winter '08
- Human Sexuality, partner, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, child sexual abuse