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Critical legal studies (herein after CLS) is a theory that challenges and overturns accepted norms and standards in legal theory and practice. It is a theory that is very sceptical of accepted ideas, theories and assumptions about society and the law, which is shown as an idea of false consciousness. Society is constructed in an equal and oppressive manner, which leads one to believe that this is the way it ought to be. Proponents of this theory believe that logic and structure attributed to the law grow out of the power relationships of the society. The law is no longer rational, neutral or value free. The law exists to support the interests of the party or class that forms it and is merely a collection of beliefs and prejudices that legitimise the injustices of society. The law is politics, in which the wealthy and the powerful use the law as an instrument for oppression in order to maintain their place in hierarchy. CLS theorists do not use traditional legal arguments but instead use baseball, films and metaphors to make their arguments about the law more accessible. Interdisciplinary opens up the possibility for intersectional studies. CLS theorists also share the related view that the law is indeterminate. They have shown that by using standard legal arguments, it is possible to reach sharply contrasting conclusions in individual cases. The conclusions reached in any case will have more to do with the social context in which they are argued and decided than with any overarching scheme of legal reasoning. Critical legal studies (CLS) is a sometimes revolutionary movement that challenges and seeks to overturn accepted norms and standards in legal theory and practice. CLS seeks to fundamentally alter Jurisprudence , exposing it as not a rational system of accumulated wisdom but an ideology that supports and makes possible an unjust political system. CLS scholars attempt to debunk the law's pretensions to determinacy, neutrality, and objectivity. The law, in CLS scholarship, is a tool used by the establishment to maintain its power and domination over an unequal status quo. Openly a movement of leftist politics, CLS seeks to subvert the philosophical and political authority of what it sees as an unjust social system. CLS advances a theoretical and practical project of reconstruction of the law and of society itself. CLS
is also a membership organization that seeks to advance its own cause and that of its members. CLS has been largely a U.S. movement, though it has borrowed heavily from European philosophers, including nineteenth-century German social theorists such as KARL MARX , Friedrich Engels, and Max Weber ; Max Horkheimer and Herbert Marcuse of the Frankfurt school of German social philosophy; the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci; and poststructuralist French thinkers such as Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida, representing, respectively, the fields of history and literary theory.

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