European Civilization.docx - UNIT TWO EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION...

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UNIT TWO. EUROPEAN CIVILIZATIONLecture One. Inventing Primary Political, Intellectual, and Socioeconomic Tradition: The Foundation of European Civilization, 2500 -300 BCLecture Two. Expanding Primary Political Tradition: The Evolution of Rome and Roman Political Institutions, 753 BC-476 CELecture Three. Introducing Primary Religious Tradition: The Rise of Christianity under the Roman Empire, 4 BC-476 CELecture Four. Inventing New Tradition: The Germanic Invasion, Empire Building, and the Formation of a Feudal Society, 500 -1000 CELecture Five. Expanding Primary Religious Tradition and Forming a New Tradition of Church-State Rivalry, 500 -1200 CELecture Six. Synthesizing Primary Intellectual and Religious Tradition: The Development of Scholasticism, 1000 -1300 CELecture Seven. Change within Existing Cultural and Religious Tradition: European Renaissance, Protestant Reformation, and Scientific Revolution,1300 -1750 CELecture Eight. Change within Existing Political and Institutional Tradition: From Regional States to Nation-States, 1000 -1750 CELecture One. Inventing Primary Political, Intellectual, and Socioeconomic Tradition: The Foundation of European Civilization, 2500 -300 BCI.Origins of European Civilization: Ancient Greece, 2500-500 BCA.Minoan Civilization on Crete Island: 2500-1500 BC: European civilization originated1.Sir Arthur Evans & Its Discovery in 1900Confirmed theories about ancient writing systemHalf a century later still digging in same spotFound civilization2.Named after King Minos (legendary king of Crete, named civilization after him)3.Central Characteristic (at Knossos)Lacked any protective structures (no defense)Fleet Merchants- because of locationSuffered a catastrophic event: destruction from pillage of other Greeks from mainland (Mycenaeans)4.Other Features of Minoan Civilization- extremely complexMonumental architecturePalace complexes located in KnossosJars of olive oil, wine, and grainB.Mycenaean Civilization on the Mainland, 2500-1200 BC1.Mycenae— A Site on the Peloponnesus Peninsula: heavily fortified2.Excavation by Schliemann in the 1870s: German archeologist
3.Central CharacteristicsGigantic stone walls4.Linear B—Writing SystemBorrowed writing system from the Minoans- Linear AC.The Dark Age, 1200-700 BC1.Disappearance of Civilized LifeDisappearance of urban lifeLed to the positive changes which led to the construction of Polis2.Self-Destruction from Internal WarfareD.Evolution of Polis: the City-State, 700-500 BC1.Defining Polis: major form of political organization in Greek society, a fundamental institution A small but autonomous political unity in which all major political, social, and religious activities were carried out at one central locationII.Inventing Primary Political Tradition: the Establishment of a Pattern of Administrative Decentralization and Institutional Pluralism in Greece, 700-338 BCCentralize: to bring under a single, central authority.

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