AMH.Notes-U.S.History.docx - Test#1 Path to the Civil War o...

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Test #1Path to the Civil WaroWestern Expansion, Louisiana Purchase, Mexican-American War, Missouri Compromise (1820), Kansas Nebraska-Act (1854), Dred Scott Decision, Lincoln & the RepublicansAmerican Civil War, 1861-1865o1.1 Million Dead, 8 Billion in War Efforts, 4 Million freedmen, Lincoln’s Assassination Reconstruction: 1865-1877- Northern political leaders created plans for the governance of the South and a procedure for former Southern states to rejoin the Union; Southern resentment of this era lasted well into the twentieth century.oIn the South: hoped to achieve integration between the people in the North and those in the SouthLoss of white males: confederate soldiers became homelessDestroyed Southern Economy:confederate money was worthless, southerners burned own factories, farms & resources to keep it from the union, roads & railroads destroyed, 40% of livestock was killedoValue of Slaves, Cotton: kept falling o“Every day, every hour, that I live increases my hatred and detestation, and loathing of that race. They [Yankees] disgrace our common humanity.”oInfrastructure, Inflation and Poverty,ResentmentSoutherners perceived the Northerners to be taking advantage ofthe effects of the warSlaves Faced:“De years after de war was worser than befo’.”oLand and Laboro“40 Acres & a Mule” MythoGen. Sherman’s Field Order No. 15: 400,000acres were confiscated by the gov. and 18,000 Freed slave families were each given less than 40acres after slavery was abolished. This order was TEMPORARY and didn’t give slaves permanent ownership(although the slaves thought it did).oThis wasan attempt to deal with the tens of thousands of black refugees who had joined Sherman's march in search of protectionoThe land was order to be given back to former owners by Pres. JohnsonoSharecroppingoLand owners provide housing, seed and tools to former slaves then slaves received a portion of the crop(1/2-1/3). Gave land owners a steady work force & workers control over the work. By late 1860 a lot of workers were poor white farmers toooLow wages so workers couldn’t save up and invest in own land or toolsoTied workers to land they did not own Convict Leasing: system in which southern states leased gangs of convicted criminalsto private interests as a cheap labor supply. Convicts paid nothing, money went to states, and jobs taken away from labor forceReign of ViolenceoKu Klux Klan- founded in Tennessee in 1866; violent actions towards republican black(mostly) and white which represented the resentments felt by Southern whites
towards the changing political, social, and economic conditions.Violence was used to intimidate ppl not to vote.oKnights of the White Camellia-American political terrorist organization that operated in the southern United States in the 19th century who supportedwhitesupremacy and opposed freedmen's rightsoMainly upper class while kkk was mostly lower classoIn the North: Social Revolution o

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