NAMAMI GANGERejuvenation ofGanga GEOGRAPHY PROJECTNAME : ANOUSHKA PRASADCLASS : 10-A
SCHOOL : STRAWBERRY FIELDS HIGH SCHOOLYEAR 2018-19ASSIGNMENT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI, Anoushka Prasad would like to thank the school for giving me this wonderful opportunity to showcase my interest in Geography through this project. I would also like to thank my Educator, Mrs Surinderjit kaur, for helping me understand the project better and guiding me throughout the making of this project. Lastly I would like to thank my Family and Friends in helping me with the material for the project and assembling of it.
CONTENTS1) GANGES2)THE NAMAMI GANGE PROGRAMME3)SEWAGE WASTE MANAGEMENT 4)INDUSTRIAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
5)RIVER SURFACE CLEANING6)RURAL SANITATION7) AFFORESTATION8)BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN THE GANGA BASIN9) BIBLIOGRAPHYGANGESThe Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary riverof Asiawhich flows through the nations of Indiaand Bangladesh. The 2,525 km river rises in the western Himalayasin the Indian stateof Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through
the Gangetic Plainof North India. After entering West Bengal, it divides into tworivers: The Hooghly River, or Adi Ganga, flows through several districts of West Bengaland into the Bay of Bengalnear Sagar Island. The other, the PadmaRiver, flows into and through Bangladesh, and also empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Ganges is the third largest river in the world by discharge.The Ganges is one of the most sacred rivers to Hindus. It is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. It is worshipped in Hinduismas the goddess Ganga. It has also been important historically, with many formerprovincial or imperial capitals such as Kanauj, Kampilya, Kara, Prayag or Allahabad, Kashi, Pataliputra or Patna, Hajipur, Munger, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Nabadwip, Saptagram, Kolkata, Dhaka located on its banks. The Ganges is highly polluted.
Pollution threatens not only humans, butalso more than 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species and the endangered Ganges river dolphin. The levels of fecal coliformbacteria from human waste in the waters of the river near Varanasiare more than 100 times the Indian government's official limit. The Ganga Action Plan, an environmental initiative to clean up the river, has been a major failure thus far, due to corruption, lack of technical expertise, poor environmental planning, and lack of support from religious authorities.
NAMAMI GANGEPROGRAMMETheNational Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG) is the implementation wing of National Ganga Council which was set up in October 2016 under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities order 2016. The order dissolved National Ganga River Basin Authority. The aim is to clean theGangaand its tributaries in a comprehensive manner.Nitin Gadkariis the present Minister for Ministry for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
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- English, Ganges, Ganga, River Ganga