Araria Aurangabad Banka Begusarai Bhagalpur Bhojpur Buxar Darbhanga East Champaran Gaya Gopalganj Jamui Jehanabad Khagaria Kishanganj Kaimur Katihar Lakhisarai Madhubani Munger Madhepura Muzaffarpur Nalanda Nawada Patna Purnia Rohtas Saharsa Samastipur Sheohar Sheikhpura Saran Sitamarhi Supaul Siwan Vaishali West Champaran Arwal E N E R G Y S T A T U S R E P O R T O N B I H A R
Bihar is India’s second-fastest growing economy among the poor states. Bihar has witnessed strong growth in the per capita net state domestic product (NSDP), which grew at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 12.3% between 2004-05 and 2015-16 annually. This growth was mostly led by export of cereals, mineral fuels, edible vegetables and pharmaceutical products. The economy of Bihar is projected to grow at a CAGR of 13.4% during 2012- 2017, i.e. in the 12th Five-Year Plan. According to the BIHAR: KEY HIGHLIGHTS AT A GLANCE Parameter Information Population (Rural) (Urban) 10.38 Crores 9.21 Crores (88.7 %) 1.17 Crores (11.2 %) Area 94.2x103 Sq. Km Households Total Rural households - 16926968 Total Rural households (electrified) -1754673 Total Urban households - 2013671 Total Urban households (electrified) – 1343762 Forest cover Forest cover in Bihar has come down sharply after bifurcation of the state in the year 2000, and stands at a poor 7.23%. Out of 38 districts, only 11 have natural forests. Table no. 1: Key facts on Bihar | Source: 24x7 Power for all 1 latest state-wise export data for the last six years, exports from Bihar rose from a modest Rs. 351.34 crore in 2009- 10 to Rs. 6,310.93 crore in 2014-15, pulling up Bihar onto the 17th rank in export from 24th rank in the last fiscal year. This growth in economy led to a surge in power demand where the peak power demand increased by 168% in 8 years during 2008-09 and 2015-16. 1 24*7 Power for All – Bihar, December 2015
POWER GENERATION The installed electricity generation capacity in Bihar is 3,074 MW, as on December 31, 2016 2 . This attributes less than 1% of India’s total Installed capacity of 310 GW. Out of the total 3,074 MW, 89% capacity is from coal CURRENT SITUATION based thermal, 4.2% comes from hydro, and the balance 6.6% comes from renewable energy sources. In terms of ownership, Central Sector Allocation has the largest share of 86.52%, followed by the share of state sector that is 9.12%, and Private sector / Independent Power Producer contributes a mere 4% of the total energy mix in Bihar. Figure 1: Energy Generation Mix of Bihar (In MW) | Source: Central Electricity Authority These figures paint a very grim picture of growth in the energy sector in Bihar. For a population of over 110 million in the state, a measly installed capacity of 3 GW is available, that too is majorly owned by Central Government agencies. The involvement of private sector/ independent power producer is almost negligible in the state, which indicates that for Bihar to move towards energy sufficiency, it is imperative to entice more state and private sector investment. These investments are also needed to acquire more sustainable sources and technologies, like
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