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Student last name, Student first name, Student ID no. 1 MGNT803 SYD – Organisational Behaviour & Management ASSESSMENT 3 EXEMPLAR Word count: 820 words There has been an increasing shift towards team-based work to facilitate advancements in a range of different organisational contexts (Salas et al. 2015, p. 616). So too are the challenges that will arise when designing, developing and maintaining teams in organisations. This paper provides a critical analysis of articles written by Salas et al. (2015) and Krumm, Terwiel and Hertel, (2013). Their articles investigate the science of teams, most notably, virtual and traditional cross-cultural teams. Their research is intended to provide practical guidance for HR practitioners and managers to solve team issues in organisations. Salas et al. (2015, p.599) use a heuristic process to help HR practitioners and managers “diagnose team-based problems by providing a clear focus on relevant aspects of team-work”. Salas et al. (2015, p.600) define teams as “distinguishable sets of two or more people who interact, dynamically, interdependently, and adaptively toward a common and valued goal/objective/mission” (Salas et al. 2015, p. 600). For teams to achieve these valued goals/objectives/missions, they must be able to perform teamwork (Salas et al. 2015, p. 600). Salas et al. (2015, p.599) consolidated key findings from 15 years of literature and offer nine critical consideration factors that contribute to teamwork’s effectiveness. Their findings focused on these factors which consist of six core processes and emergent states (that represent

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