History 105 Notes

History 105 Notes - History 105 Notes 19/09/2007 20:45:00...

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Unformatted text preview: History 105 Notes 19/09/2007 20:45:00 Nation Among Nations: Thomas Bender Purpose: To present US history with a global perspective to create better citizens. Thesis: Global history commenced when American history began Argues: The economy of the Ming Dynasty affected American history The military strength of the Ottoman empire affected American history Global history commenced when American history began 19 th Century- EXEPTIONALISM o Nationalism o Extension of European history o Frederick Jackson Turner- frontier theory made America exceptional o Political Liberty made America exceptional 1492- Contact (Columbus and other explorers) Space was redefined Ocean travel opened new global networks of trade and communication The discovery of oceans created a new world on every continent, consequences for each. Previous Beliefs- Educated classes of European Renaissance ideals (Christian and Abrahamic religions) Earth was spherical, but did not include oceans Afro-Eurasian world (centered around Mediteranean sea) was an island world On the 3 rd day god commanded the sea to pull back and expose earth for human use (Fra Mauro Map 1459) Beyond the ocean was an unknown anti-world including monstrous beings Mongol Empire ruled Afro-Eurasia during the 13 th century Expansive trade was a LAND empire-limited by sea invasion of Japan in 1281 failed due to superior Japanese seamanship and strom Columbus Voyages opened prospect land-> water= revolutionized Enlarged horizon of human ambition the world is an ocean and all its continents Mahan a wide common: believed in the consolidation of Americas strategic & commercial domination of the ocean US-engine of global historical change revolutionized human exhistance Perter Martyr and Amerigio Vespucci- new world Walsdeemuller map 1507 o Distinct entity (hemisphere) o America De Gamas Voyages Established Commerce and military sea power Calicut Seapower- invented by the Portuguese in Asia o Dominating form of state power The Renaissance Emerging nation states in western Europe were enriched and empowered Biological exchange Those natives who survived disease battled physical and cultural and political...
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2008 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Hatfield during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

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History 105 Notes - History 105 Notes 19/09/2007 20:45:00...

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