History 105 Notes 2

History 105 Notes 2 - History 105 Notes 9/25/2007 11:08:00...

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History 105 Notes 25/09/2007 12:08:00 Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Atlantic Economies Main Point: The transatlantic slave trade developed in response to economic factors in the Americas, Africa, and Europe. Main Questions: o Why did the labor systems differ so markedly I different regions of the Americas? o How did people- Europeans and Africans- who thought of themselves as good people, create the transatlantic slave trade. Question 1 European colonies in the Americas were at the base level, concerned with extracting wealth. Either the crown or a company of investors paid for colonization. All the colonies were looking for ways to bring wealth back to the benefactors. -Precious metals. (No precious metals outside of Mesoamerica)-Tobacco Virginia required indentured servants- Beaver pelts in New Netherland Required labor and control over land o Europeans could trade for goods with Indians (dutch in new netherland traded as partners-did not try to gain control) o Spanish encomiendas- Spanish control of Indian labor based on the pre existing tax system o Indentured servitude o Slavery o Family labor- almost always family labor with the other labor, often invisible. Mixed with trade, or slavery etc. More common to have just family labor in Northern poor colonies of English America and poor Northern Mexico. Question 2 Estimate that 10 million Africans who arrived in the Americas as a result of the transatlantic slave trade represent the loss of 20 million Africans (15% mortality rate)- warfare in Africa increased bc of the desired to capture and sell slaves- disease- social disruption decrease reproduction rates and increase warfare unrelated to slave trade.- All contributed to population loss and political instability in West Africa. John Thorton- “Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World.” 1
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o What were the incentives in West Africa for participating in the Atlantic Slave trade? Land belonged to state or tribe and could not be used for personal wealth- slaves became a source of personal wealth as well as used for mercenaries. Slavery was also a way to weaken opposing tribes. o Extraction (and control of labor for extraction) makes the land valuable in west Africa. – Europeans came looking to trade and offered slaves as most important/common commodity.- Already and accepted and standardized trade. o Chapter 3 Thesis: Bc west African property ownership was based on labor, it set the stage for the Atlantic slave trade. o Accepted story of African slave trade promoted the idea that Africans had no choice on the matter, that west Africans were inferior. Makes Africans powerless. – Thorton argues historians need to recognize that Africans were as morally, politically, and socially complex and divided like the Europeans. o
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History 105 Notes 2 - History 105 Notes 9/25/2007 11:08:00...

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