History 105 Notes3

History 105 Notes3 - History 105 Notes 06/11/2007 12:13:00...

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Unformatted text preview: History 105 Notes 06/11/2007 12:13:00 Cotton, Opportunity, and the Expansion of Slavery Main Points: Cotton provided access to national and international market economies for many white southerners AND spurred the expansion of slavery in the U.S. (AT THE SAME TIME, national and international political thought saw slavery as unacceptable) Main Question: How did slaves resistance to their enslavement fit into international contexts? Slavery and Republicanism were seen as incompatible Revolutionary Generation believed that slavery was soon to disappear, Tobacco production was declining in Virginia o One of the two crops requiring slave labor o Was being replaced by wheat production- much less labor intensive o Slavery was becoming much less profitable Rice and Cotton production in South Carolina and Georgia o Slavery was still profitable The Cotton Gin o Made cotton production into the interior of the south o Labor intensive and created a whole new market for slavery o 2 kinds of cotton coastal- easy to separate fiber from seed inland- hard to separate fiber from seed----cotton gin Push in South Carolina and Georgia to import large numbers of slaves prior to 1808 when the Atlantic slave trade was banned Most increase in population between 1790 and 1860 was due to natural increase--- the country was physically relatively healthy compared to other nations in the western hemisphere and in Africa. By 1860 there were 4 million slaves out of a total population of 12 mill in states where slavery was still legal o South Carolina- population was slaves o Delaware- small proportion of slavery (5%) 1860- 8 million people of European descent in slave-legal states6 mill did not own slaves---4.5 mill were landowners but did not own slaves1.5 mill in south did not own land or slaves---2 mill came from slave holding families---1/2 that own slaves, own between 1 and 5 slaves Religion The majority of first slaves were polytheistic or animistic Later slaves were either Christian or Islamic Changes came with the 2 nd Great Awakening o Tried to convert Indians and enslaved blacks via missionaries and local congregations which opened their doors to blacks and Indians for a BREIF time. o Slave holders shut down religious and spiritual equality o Blacks found Christianity compelling o Church services were regulated- blacks could only hear sermons from specific ministers and the sermons were filtered Emphasized peace, and community, and tolerance of injustice o Slave owners did not want slaves reading the bible, news papers and abolitionist papers. Did not want them to become literate- Christianity was dangerous o Laws were selectively enforced Resistance Active resistance- non-violent and violent o Theft o Pressed for additional privileges- Sundays off in order to grow private crops for variety in diet and in lives o Pretend to be dumb- played into masters developing notions...
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History 105 Notes3 - History 105 Notes 06/11/2007 12:13:00...

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