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History106Exam1review

History106Exam1review - Reconstruction the period after...

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Reconstruction - the period after Civil was of rebuilding the nation >Lincoln’s view- slave states never had the right to secede and were therefore never recognized as a separate nation and never really left the Union. > Lincoln was Lenient: offered amnesty to white southerners who took and oath of loyalty to the government and accept abolition. > Wade Davis Bill: Radical Republicans- appointed governors – states had to swear oath, abolish slavery, disenfranchise confederate civil and military leaders, and repudiate debts. Presidential- Andrew Johnson’s administration o “restoration”- amnesty w/ oath of allegiance. Much like Wade Davis Bill Congressional- Radicals o 13 th , 14 th (citizenship), and 15 th (Voting Rights) amendments, congress would enforce Reconstruction came to an end with the presidential election after Grant served his two terms- Hayes All plans for reconstruction left the question of political rights for blacks up to the states Civil War Amendments, 13, 14, 15 13 th - abolished slavery 14 th - Granted Citienship. Everyone born in the United States, and everynone naturalized, was automatically a citizen and entitled to all the “piveledges and immunities” guarunteed by the constitution, including equal protection by the laws of both state and national governments. Imposed penalties on states that denied suffrage to any adult male inhabitant. Prohibited members of congress who had aided the Confederacy to hold state or federal office unless a 2/3 Vote in congress pardoned them. 15 th - Guaranteed voting rights. Forbade state and federal government to deny suffrage to any citizen on account of “race”, color, or previous condition of servitude.
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Slavery Over?  o Cause of civil war was slavery- not states rights o Until the civil war, slave states supported Federal rights rather than states rights bc the Fed. Protected slavery. o Some southerners Immigrated to Brazil to keep slaves (one of the only western states that still had slavery at the time)- Americano Slavery- representation of coercion o Other systems like indentured servants and Indian labor failed o Slavery became a system of racial control- fundamentally un-American o Pernicious problem- not only in South, but also North o Created a pool of labor Slavery taught o the ineaquallity of human beings o Control by force o Physical punishment o Lessons in tyranny o Dual code of ethics and values- did white southerners really buy into the idea of inequality o Slavery was based on lies (inequality) Dred Scott case- said that slavery was legal everywhere After the civil war, southern labor and color relationships were in dissaray o Freedman strarted out there lives with nothing o Goal was to own land o Sharecropping- allows a sharecropper to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced on the land.
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