History 106 Exam II Review

History 106 Exam II Review - History 106 Exam II Review...

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History 106 Exam II Review 24/02/2008 21:11:00  History Exam II Review Progressive Era, 1900-1920 A period of reform in a response to public outcry- middle o Populist ideals came into being o Middle class movement o Characterized by  professional government Use of business models and academic methods in government Public concerns crossed party lines o Public health, safety, education, poverty, sanitation were major  concerns Fire departments, trash, public service… Growth of cities caused problems subject to reform and also  natural disasters 6000 people died in Galveston Hurricane Triangle Shirtwaist Co. fire- Safety Regulations developed reform vs. revolt professionalism     The dramatic rise in the number of Americans engaged in 
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Administrative and professional tasks. Industrialization,  Urbanization, and new technologies all required professionals, Thus creating the “New Middle Class”. Built organizations and established standards to secure their  position in society.- Created the modern organized professions. AMA- American Medical Association:  developed strict  scientific standards for admission to the practice of  medicine.  State and local governments responded by  creating medical schools Professional Bar Association: Created law schools National Association of Manufacturers and the United  States Chamber of Commerce: Business Orgs. National Farm Bureau Federation: designed to spread  scientific farming methods and teach sound marketing  techniques. o Purposes of professionalism Guarding entry into professions To defend professions from untrained and incompetent Protect those already in the profession from excessive  competition (gave prestige and status) Some tried to exclude blacks, women, immigrants etc. Keep numbers down in order to keep demand (and  incomes) high. Theodore Roosevelt - Square Deal  More regulation on business- continuation of Sherman Anti-trust o Hepburn Railroad Regulation Act 1906:  restored some regulatory  authority to the government by giving the ICC (Interstate Commerce  Commission) authority to inspect the books of railroad companies. o
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History 106 Exam II Review - History 106 Exam II Review...

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