Cosmological Argument

Cosmological Argument - Cosmological Argument: Descartes...

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Cosmological Argument: Descartes vs. Aquinas In Descartes’, “Meditations on First Philosophy” and also in Aquinas’, “The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica”, we are able to see a common theme, the argument for the existence of God. Both philosophers use cosmological arguments to break down each of their premises. A cosmological argument is one that makes a supposition from certain alleged facts about the world to the existence of a unique being, usually known as God. In this paper I will compare the theories of each philosopher to one another and explain them as thoroughly as possible. I will also discuss what makes an argument cosmological in these particular theories. Finally, I will discuss some reasons why I believe Descartes didn’t take a simpler route in establishing his premises for the existence of God. To get started evaluating each philosopher we need to define what exactly is a cosmological argument. A cosmological argument is a philosophical argument for the existence of God. This type of argument explains that everything has a cause, and that this first cause itself was uncaused. When studying Descartes and Aquinas it is important to understand cosmological arguments because they both use them in their theories. In Meditation III , Descartes states that he knows he exists because he is a thinking thing. He then goes on to say he know he is not perfect in every way, therefore he could not have been the cause for himself. Descartes knows something had to cause his existence,
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2008 for the course PHIL 251 taught by Professor Radzik,l. during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Cosmological Argument - Cosmological Argument: Descartes...

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