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Rural Poverty - Rural Poverty in Africa Rural poverty is...

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Rural Poverty in Africa Rural poverty is one of the most devastating conditions of this world. Thousands die each year of starvation because families cannot afford food. Most of the poor people come from rural areas. “Three quarters of the world, or 1.2 billion extremely poor people, live and work in rural areas, aid to agriculture, their main source of income, has fallen by two thirds “(Rural Poverty Report). There are many facts about rural poverty that are unknown by most. The main part of rural poverty that will be discussed is rural poverty in Africa. Some of the things that people don’t know are: who is affected by rural poverty, what gender is poverty related to, how is it created, where does it occur in Africa, the causes of deepening the poverty in Africa, what has been done to stop it, what are some of the lessons learned for the future, and also some statistics that go along with rural poverty. The first question is who really is affected by rural poverty? “The rural poor depend largely on agriculture, fishing, forestry, and related small-scale industries and services” (Khan). Most of the people that are considered rural poor are different types of farmers in Africa. These farmers would include ones that have lost crop because of drought or too much rain and ones that don’t have enough land to make a living from farming. “Many developing countries are stagnating or growing poorer, including their farmers, who comprise two-thirds of the world’s poor” (The Rural Poverty Trap). In this group of farmers, they are classified into two more subgroups, cultivators or noncultivators. Cultivators are the majority in the rural poor in developing countries.
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These are the farmer’s who have a small amount of land and have crops and or animals. Noncultivators have no land at all and are unskilled at their work. This group is the poorest among the rural poor. These workers rely on different seasonal demands for labor. These workers find it harder to find work. Also, these people have a low status in the village and find it hard to support themselves and their families. They are sometimes not included in receiving safety rations because of their status in life. “Of all the regions of the world, poverty is most intractable in Africa” (Mule 2). Another main group of the rural poor in Africa include the sick. This is a major burden if you are not considered wealthy because you cannot work to receive money to pay for things like food and shelter. According to Mule in his passage on rural poverty in Africa, he states “more than 2 million people die from malaria in Africa each year” (Mule 2). It is also the same with HIV/AIDS. There are other diseases that are sweeping through Africa causing deaths and struggles that include TB, diarrhoeal diseases and measles. The costs are great when needing medical help. Most do not survive long after being diagnosed with these diseases. The poor in Africa are also isolated from the development activities that go on in the villages.
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