Socail Exam 1 Outline.pdf - A Defining Social Psychology actions of people are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people presence of

Socail Exam 1 Outline.pdf - A Defining Social Psychology...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 17 pages.

A. Defining Social Psychology actions of people are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people. presence of other people have on our thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or behavior. s) as well and more subtle ways in which others have an impact (e.g., the effect of the mere presence of others on behavior). B. Social Psychology, Science, and Common Sense 1. Philosophy • Social psychology and philosophy are often concerned with the same questions. • Social psychology differs from philosophy because it is empirical. 2. Common Sense and Folk Wisdom • Common sense explanations, such as those offered by jour nalists, are known as folk wisdom. • Folk wisdom may be contradictory and provides no way of determining correctness. 3. An Empirical Approach • Social psychologists test hypotheses, or educated guesses, in well -designed experiments to discern the situations that would result in one outcome or another. • The advantages of an empirical approach are that competing explanations can be tested against each other and that knowledge derived from past research can be used to make reasonable predictions about what will occur in the future. C. How Social Psychology Differs from Its Closest Cousins • Personality psychology focuses on individual differences in human behavior (those aspects of people’s personalities that make them different from other people), whil e social psychology focuses more on how the social situation affects people similarly. • Sociology is concerned with social class, social structure, and social institutions. • Social psychology joins other social science disciplines in its focus on socia l behavior. • Social psychology differs from personality psychology and sociology in its level of analysis. For personality psychologists, the level of analysis is the individual. For social psychologists, the level of analysis is the individual in the context of a social situation. For sociologists, the level of analysis is the group or institution.
Image of page 1
II. The Power of the Situation Why does it matter how people explain and interpret events —and their own and others’ behavior? A. Fundamental Attribution Error • Social psychologists face barriers to convincing people that their behavior is greatly influenced by the environment. • People tend to explain behavior entirely in terms of personality traits and thus underestimate the power of social influence. This is called the fundamental attribution error. B. Underestimating the Power of Social Influence • The fundamental attributi on error can lead to a false sense of security we assume problematic behavior could never happen to us and thus we do not guard against its occurrence. • In a demonstration of the fundamental attribution error, Ross and Samuels (1993) found that college s tudents’ personalities, as rated by the resident assistants in their dormitories, did not determine how cooperative or competitive they were in a laboratory game. The name of the game
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 17 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes