A P L a n g u a g e & C o m p o s i ti o n S c h e m e s , T r o p e s , a n d F a l l a c i e s Rhetorical DevicesP a g e | 1Directions: students complete this summer assignment by providing examples for the missing examples in the third column of rhetorical devices below. There are a total of fifty-eight missing examples. SCHEMES-Schemes are figures of speech that deal with word order, syntax, letters, and sounds, rather than the meaning of words, which involves tropes. Schemes of BalanceName of DeviceDescription of DeviceExamplesAntanagogeplacing a good point or benefit next to a fault criticism, or problem in order to reduce the impact or significance of the negative point.Yes, I know I've lost my job, but I'm so looking forward to spending time at home.So you live alone? It must be nice to be able to do whatyou want.AntithesisThe juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often used in parallel structure.The contrast may be in words or in ideas, or both.When used well, antithesis is very effective, even witty.What if I am rich, and another is poor—strong, and he is weak—intelligent, and he is benighted—elevated, and he is depraved?Have we not one Father? Hath not one God created us?” (William Lloyd Garrison, “No Compromisewith Slavery”)“Your forefathers crossed the great water and landed on this island. Their numbers were small. They found friends and not enemies. They told us they had fled from their own country for fear of wicked men,and had come here to enjoy their religion. They asked for a small seat. We took pityon them, granted their request; and they sat down amongst us. We gave them corn and meat; they gave uspoison.” (Red Jacket,1805) Apophasis (also calledpraeteritioor occupatio)asserts or emphasizes something by pointedlyseeming to pass over, ignore, or deny it.She's bright, well-read, and personable--to say nothing of her modesty and generosity.If you were not my father, I would say you were perverse. --AntigoneDiremens Copulatiomentioning a balancing or opposing fact to prevent the argument from being one-sided or unqualified.Remember not only to say the right thing in the right place, but far more difficult still, to leave unsaid the wrong thing at the tempting moment. This poor girl shouldn't just tell that guy to go jump in alake, she ought to slash all four of his car tires Hendiadysuse of two words connected by a conjunction,instead of subordinating one to the other, to express a single complex idea.The heat and sun of midday (vs. the hot midday sun.)Sound and fury, signifying nothing (vs. furious sound, signifying nothing).Hypallage("exchanging") transferred epithet; grammatical agreement of a word with another word which it does not logically qualify. More common in poetry.