Exam+3+Review - Exam 3 Review Chapters 1014 Chapter 10...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam 3 Review Chapters 1014 Chapter 10: Thinking and Language Thinking: Concepts, prototypes Problemsolving: trial and error, algorithms, heuristics, insight Making decisions and forming judgments: heuristics, overconfidence, framing Belief bias and perseverance Structure: phoneme, morpheme, grammar, semantics, syntax Development: stages, theories Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis Thinking in images Interrelationship between thinking and language Animal thinking and language Obstacles: confirmation bias, fixation Language: Thinking and language: General mental ability: Spearman and g Intelligence as several abilities : Thurstone, Gardner, Sternberg Emotional intelligence Brain and intelligence Intelligence testing: Chapter 11: Intelligence Modern tests of mental ability: aptitude and achievement tests, WAIS Test construction: standardization, reliability, validity Extremes of intelligence Racial and gender differences in intelligence Bias and stereotype threat Binet and mental age Terman and innate IQ Chapter 12: Motivation and Work Motivation theories: instincts and evolutionary psychology, optimum arousal, drive reduction, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Alderfer's ERG Hunger: Sex: Physiology Psychology: taste preferences, eating disorders Need to belong I/O psychology: Physiology: sexual response cycle, sexual disorders, hormones Sexual motivation: forces, adolescent sex Sexual orientation Sexual attitudes and values Topics of study in I/O psychology and related areas How do I/O psychologists help people do their jobs? Select topics in personnel psychology: selection tests, interviews, performance appraisal Select topics in organizational psychology: need for achievement, employee attitudes, goal setting Chapter 14: Stress and Health Stress: Who studies it and why? Eustress and distress Appraisal Body's response and Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome Stressful life events: catastrophic events, life changes, daily hassles Stress and health: coronary heart disease and Type A/B personality, immune system, HIV/AIDS, cancer Coping with stress: problem and emotionfocused coping Promoting health: Managing stress: aerobic exercise, relaxation, involvement in a faith community Smoking Obesity Perceived control, optimism/pessimism, social support, laughter Theories of emotion: JamesLange, CannonBard, TwoFactor The body and emotion: autonomic nervous system, arousal and performance, brain and emotion, spillover effect Lie detection Expressed emotion: Chapter 13: Emotion Expressed emotion: What can we detect/not detect? Face and emotional expression Gender and emotion Emoticons Culture and emotional expression Facial feedback theory and behavioral feedback hypothesis 10 basic emotions Fear: amygdala, can be innate or learned Anger: catharsis vs. nonaccusing statements Happiness: positive/negative affect; feelgood, dogood phenomenon; wealth and happiness; adaptationlevel phenomenon; relative deprivation ...
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