Adam L. Marble Jr., PSY 331, Week 2, Assignment.docx -...

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Running head: Effectively Learning 1 Effectively Learning: Knowledge Acquisition and Memory Development Adam Lee Marble Jr. PSY 331: Psychology of Learning Instructor: Marie Browski December 3, 2017
Running head: Effectively Learning 2 Knowledge Acquisition and Memory Development The connection between memory development and acquiring new knowledge provides an understanding of how effectively retaining information through effectively processing what has been presented. The concept of memory and learning are closely related, which often leads to confusion between the two concepts. Memory is the effect of effectively learning information which separates the two concepts. Defining Memory Development Memory Development is defined by Ph.D. Bauer and M.A. Pathman as, “a fundamental capacity that plays a vital role in social, emotional and cognitive functioning.” (para. 1). The use of the term fundamental capacity when defining memory development provides detail to the fact that it is a process in which can be developed through understanding how various factors can affect in individual’s ability to learn or ability to retain information. Theories of working memory and long-term memory which can be further broken down to declarative or non- declarative. Long term development is more effective when connecting memory development to knowledge acquisition. Rosser-Majors (2017) states that, “Information processing is a person’s ability to encounter new information, connect it to prior knowledge, instill this new knowledge in memory, and recall it when necessary.” (chapt. 2.2, para. 3). Memory development is an essential component of acquiring new knowledge as evidenced by the construct of being able to utilize what has been learned. Acquiring new knowledge requires the function of memory to take place. Importance of Moving Short-term to Long-term Memory Being able to transfer information from short-term memory to long-term memory is important because it increases the resistance to interference from competing stimuli and/or disrupting factors. A period of time is usually required to transfer short-term memory to long
Running head: Effectively Learning 3 term memory and consolidation. Consolidation refers to the process which takes place that stabilizes information/memories after the introduction of the acquisition. Rosser-Majors (2017), states that, “For information processing to occur, learners must be able to convert important information from their short-term memory to their long-term memory.” (chapt. 2.2, para. 8). Individuals ability to successfully learn requires them to be able to remove distractions. An individual with long-term will affect their ability to recall information which is an important key in learning. Short-term memory in many perspectives is the beginning stage of learning, however acquiring new knowledge requires the individual to be able to retrieve information that was processed through the first stage of learning. Rackie, Brandt and Eysenck

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