Test 1 Notes

Test 1 Notes - Brandi Pustka 1 History 105 Chapter 1 Notes Pre Columbian Era Today there are 2 million American Indians which is less than 1 of the

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Brandi Pustka 1 History 105 Chapter 1 Notes Pre Columbian Era: - Today there are 2 million American Indians, which is less than 1% of the population. - Only 25% of those 2 million live on a reservation. - There are 500 different federal recognized groups, and 100 still seeking recognition. o To seek approval, you have to trace back your origin and it takes a long time. - The largest tribe is the Navajo’s The “first Americans”: - 25,000-50,000 years ago it was said that the first American Indians were supposedly from Asia, and they crossed the land bridge. (aka. Bering strait) - In 1930, archeologist found a Clovis spear point in a mammoth; they dated the Clovis to about 95bc. They found the Clovis in Clovis, NM. - In early 90’s James Autobassio dug in Meadowcroft Rockshelter where he found fossils that dated from 14,500 years ago, or 12,500bc. This is the earliest known artifact to this day. Early American Indian Societies: Mound Builders: o Hopewellian- 200-400 AD Built a mound that looks like a snake called “Great Serpent Mound” o Mississippian- 1050-1250 AD Build a town called Cahokia, with is the largest city North of Mexico and had a population of about 30,000; covers over 5 square miles. o Hohokam- 300-500 AD Snake Town- had about 500 people Built good irrigation system for the use of farm land Had a wide system of canals o Anazazi- 800-1150 AD
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Brandi Pustka 2 Chaco Canyon- most clever use of solar energy with architecture A lot of their sites became national monuments o Athapaskans- 1000-1500 AD Originally came from Northwest Canada and Alaska They migrated to the Anasazi between 1000-1500AD Ancestors were the Apaches (Navajo’s) - Before the Europeans arrived, most American Indians were agriculturist. - American Indians were just like normal people and they made a great change in today’s landscape. European Arrival in America: - Demography- study of measuring populations - We don’t know how many people were here before the Europeans came. The text book says there are 10 million American Indians and 50-70 million in America. - American Indians lacked immunity to European diseases. The only disease passed from America to Europe was syphilis. Smallpox, measles, etc. Was given to the American Indians from the Europeans. Why don’t American Indians have immunity? - They don’t live in big groups of people - Europeans domesticate animals and got the immunizations from these animals. - In North and South America they weren’t many animals Determining Population before 1492: Borrowing Method: o They assume population from letters and documentation that was sent back then. Then they assume that if there are 300 in this village there must be around 300 in the other villages. EX. There are 300 people in the village that surrounds us. They are taking our food and water.
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2008 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Hatfield during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

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Test 1 Notes - Brandi Pustka 1 History 105 Chapter 1 Notes Pre Columbian Era Today there are 2 million American Indians which is less than 1 of the

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