Test 3 Notes

Test 3 Notes - Brandi Pustka 1 Test #3 Notes 11/6/07 A...

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Brandi Pustka 1 Test #3 Notes 11/6/07 A Changing America: - The antebellum United States: o Population Growth 1800- 5.3 million people(lots of immigrants) 1860-31.5 million people High Birth rate Declining death rate Immigration o Why come to America European economic depression European political turmoil Expanding American opportunity o Who came to America Irish-43% Germans- 27% English- 20% o Who wants immigrants in the US? Industrialist/large manufacturers Eastern, Urban political organizations Land speculators/developers Western politicians
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Brandi Pustka 2 o Who doesn’t want immigration?-(the nativist) Working Class Whig Party-(republicans) Racism: Xenophobia- hatred or fear of foreigners o The “Know Nothings”: American party(1854) Extended citizen requirement from 5 to 21 years Exclude immigrants and Catholics from public office o Canal Age: Wanted a way to get from New York to the Great Lakes Wanted a quicker way- what used to take 20 days dropped to 6 because of the: Erie Canal Longest canal in the world 360 miles long, 40 ft wide, 4 feet deep Cuts travel time and costs Consequences of Erie Canal: New York becomes the city to be tied to both economically and socially Encouraged westward migration- more profitable to live in the West Spurred city growth- Buffalo, Chicago Tied the East and West and Isolated the Deep South Spawned “canal age”- 3000 miles of canals by 1837 o Railroads
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Brandi Pustka 3 Northeastern Manufacturing Southern Agriculture Federal Land grants Faster, year round transportation o Communication Telegraph Train scheduling, and routing Western Union-company that builds telegraphs Associated Press o Factories Large, cheap immigrant labor force Corporations Transportation, communications o Culture of Reform Religion: “Burned over District” – Erie Canal and western New York(with all the people coming) Charles Grandison Finney- preached tons of revivals around New York---- started preaching that slavery is a sin Joseph Smith- Book of Mormon----says he was visited by an angel and the angel gave him a missing piece of the bible. : Growth of Mormonism: o Insecurity of the area o Positioned US at the center of Christian History
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Brandi Pustka 4 o New revelations appealed to anxious reformers o Christians don’t like smith or his followers so smith’s followers move to Ohio, then finally to Illinois o Nauvoo, Illinois: Thriving community Joseph Smith was killed Brigham Young o Mormons in Utah Developed efficient irrigation system Declared own independence: State of Deseret 11-8-07 - A Changing America: The antebellum United States (1820-1860) o Mormons in Utah o Developed efficient irrigation system o State of Deseret o Utah Territory o Governor Young - Reform Movements o Emerged from the Second Great Awakening
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Test 3 Notes - Brandi Pustka 1 Test #3 Notes 11/6/07 A...

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