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Anthropology Part 3.updated

Anthropology Part 3.updated - Anthropology Part 3"Cultural...

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Anthropology Part 3 “Cultural Diversity” Ethical Considerations: Networking and Reciprocation -Ethnographers : fieldworkers in cultural anthropology -Informed consent: agreement to take part in the research Should be obtained from anyone who provides info or who might be affected by the research. - A process of culturally appropriate networking, which will vary from country to country, is necessary before fieldwork can begin. -Anthropologists have a debt to the people they work with in the field, and they should receprocate in appropriate ways. (EX) Include host country colleagues in their research plans and funding request Establish collaborative relationships with those colleagues and their institutions Include host country colleagues in publication of the research results. Methods- Ethnography - Ethnography: the study of groups of foragers and cultivators -Early ethnographers lived on small-scale, relatively isolate societies with simple technologies and economies. -By expanding our knowledge of the range of human diversity, ethnography provides a foundation for generalizations about human behavior and social life. Ethnographic Techniques - Observation & Participant Observation Get to know their hosts and usually take an interest in the totality of their lives Must pay attention to hundreds of detail of daily life, seasonal events, and unusual happenings Staying a bit more than a year allows the ethnographer to repeat the season of his or her arrival, when certain events and processes may have been missed because of initial unfamiliarity and culture shock Strive to establish rapport- a friendly working relationship based on personal contact- with our hosts Participation observation- means that they take part in community life as we they study it. - Conservation, Interviewing, and Interview Schedules Interview schedule: the ethnographer talks face to face with people, ask the questions, and writes down the answers. Questionnaire: the form the respondent often fills out, like a survey
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- The Genealogical Method A prominent building block in the social organization of no industrial societies, where people live and work each day with their close kin. Anthropologists need to collect genealogical data to understand current social relations and to reconstruct history. - Key Cultural Consultants Key cultural consultants : people who by accident, experience, talent, or training can provide the complete or useful information about particular aspects of life (Also known as Key informants) Refers to individuals the ethnographer get to know in the field, the people who teach him or her about their culture, who provide the emic perspective - Life Histories -Local Beliefs and Perceptions, and the Ethnographers One goal of the ethnographer is to discover local views, beliefs, and perceptions, which may be compared with the ethnographer’s own observations and conclusions Ethnographers typically combine two research strategies the emic (local-oriented)
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