Frank 1 Ehlam Frank Dr. Good Sub Saharan Africa 2 May 2018 Racism and Apartheid in South Africa Around the 1940s, South Africa was going through significant changes through the passing of policies that purposely separated the whites Africans from black Africans. One such system that was very influential was apartheid. Apartheid was an ideology introduced in South Africa in 1948 by the National Party government. This policy called for the separate development of the diverse racial groups in South Africa. Though it called for equal freedom and progress of cultural expression, it was implemented differently, through laws that forced different racial groups to live and develop separately. Apartheid made segregation part of the law and was a social system that severely disadvantaged the majority of the population due to whites fears of being a minority. Apartheid would cost black Africans their jobs, cultures, lands, and language. Despite being fictional sources, Cry the Beloved Country and The Marabi Dance show the social and racial segregation and the discrimination that black South Africans faced due to such policies. Cry of the Beloved Country is a movie based on a novel that is set in South Africa during the 1940s. Though fictional, the film intensely captures the realities of the social and racial conditions created through the apartheid.The plot of the movie surrounds the journey of a priest, Stephen Kumalo, who travels to Johannesburg in search of his family and tribal neighbors. Stephen Kumalo first encountered segregation on his departure to Johannesburg as he noted how
Frank 2 the train had been divided between white and black passengers. Through this, we observe how two races have been separated due to fear of integration. As Kumalo enters the city and witnesses the destruction and the living status of his people one of his fellow companions, Msimangu, explained the dispositioned of Johannesburg, which systematically divided the territories into white and black districts. This was due to the Natives Land Act being passed in 1913 which limited the amount of territory and land that black South Africans were permitted to live on. In the movie, Arthur Jarvis stated how one-tenth of the area was set aside for about four-fifths of the country’s individuals. As a result of the overcrowding, many black South Africans migrated to Johannesburg and ended up working in the mines. The whites who were in power and in search for cheap labor accepted the growing influx of individuals but failed to supply them with daily service and proper housing. This led to the rise of shantytowns shown throughout the movie in the neighborhoods of the black workers. Nonwhites where pushed to the fringes of their city, forced to erect temporary camps that quickly became permanent. These neighborhoods were
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 7 pages?
- Spring '18
- History, Apartheid, White people, Marabi Dance