Conner 1Abigail ConnerProf. Catherine PridalLifespan Development20 November 2017Interview and Assessment 3For my third Interview and Assessment I chose to focus on Erik Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development. Erikson was one of the few psychologists that focused on development throughout an individual’s entire life, rather than just childhood. During each stagehe believes we possess a significant other who helps us in facing a psychosocial crisis, or “a central problem that a person is expected to master in order to make a healthy progress to the next stage”(Bigner 2010). Our goals as individuals is to enter these stages with a goal to developcertain skills and competencies needed for that period of life(Bigner 2010). The first stage(birth-18 months) is known as Trust vs. Mistrust. At this stage of development an infant is unaware of the world surrounding them, everything is new. As a result they look to their primary caregiver, usually mother or father, for stability and affection. If this isgiven the individual will be able to have confidence in the world around them. But if they do notthey will consequently carry with them a sense of mistrust as they continue to develop.The second stage of psychosocial development, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt(18months-3 years), is when toddlers begins to explore their independence. By dressing themselves, walking, and learning to go potty on the pot they are discovering their abilities and skills. It is crucial for parents to be patient while the child explores and sometimes fails in order to encourage the child to be confident in his/her autonomy. Without this support from the parents it could result in low self-esteem and a lack of independence.
Conner 2The third stage(3-6 years) is known as Initiative vs. Guilt and is a period of rapid development. Individuals begin to interact with the children around them and is why play is veryimportant during this stage. Through initiating activities they are able to develop a sense of purpose and become confident in making decisions and leading others.