– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Week 3 Lecture Expanding the West The Historical West Cowboys: Myth vs History responsible for moving cattle form the south to the north Also known as cow punchers herding cows form Texas to Kansas and then sending them out to other parts of the country Dangerous work About 40,000 people working as cowboys, about 24 yrs old 66% were white The Chisholm Trail one of three major cattle trails; herding cows form texas to kansas and then sending them out to other parts of the country 1500 mile trail Mundane, yet essential occupation Homestead Act 1862 opened possibilities for citizenship distributed 160 acre plots encourage westward migration of free labor The Great Plains 1/3 of plains settlers were directly from a foreign country Railroads — gateway to the West may 10 1869: Central Pacific and Union Pacific meet at Promontory Point, UT 1867-1873 US spent $2 billion on the construction of railroads On the plains, took 6-8 weeks to travel across expanse 7 days on the railroad Women’s suffrage took heavy blow from 15th amendment excluding them, but the women being inspired by the western movement led to the west being women gained right too vote 1887 in Kansas Encountering Western Tribes 1865 — 350,000 Natives lived west of the Mississippi; remnants of the 1 million whom had lived there before civil war 1862 war broke out between federal troops and the Dakota tribe Natives were seen as barrier to u.s. expansion led to capture of u.s. government of over 1,000 dakota people largest mass execution of history of united states when 38 Dakota tribesmen were killed 26 december 1862
– – ● – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Treaty of Fort Laramie 1861 established boundaries between what was native land and what should have been closed to white settlement The Great Wars of the West ( Wed 03 Feb 2016) discussed treaty that created borders between autonomous tribe nations and settlement Bozeman trail 1864-1866: 3,500 miners and settlers moved along the trail cut through sacred hunting grounds used by many tribes Became focal point of conflict for Native Americans and settlers Attacks on the trail were led by Red Cloud (Native American Chief) 1866, Col. Carrington and 700 soldiers constructed Fort Phil Kearny on the
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- Fall '08
- History, The American, Sioux, Black Hills, Fort Laramie, great sioux war