READING REVIEW2 - READING REVIEW Harrison Cantor(1999 4...

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READING REVIEW     Harrison & Cantor (1999) 4 research questions o memorize as written o 1. How prevalent and long-lasting are media-induced fright reactions in a sample of  college undergraduates? o 2.What’s the range of symptoms reported? o 3.How closely do the media stimuli that evoke fright responses correspond with the 5  fright-provokign stimulus types described in the DSM-IV? o 4. Which aspects induce of the viewing situation and types of stimuli produce  enduring effects? 2 hypotheses o 1. More fright reactions will be reported by those exposed at a younger age to  concrete stimuli such as blood, scary animals/sound, and disturbing images than  those exposed at an older age o 2. Developmental differences in types of coping dif.- younger will use behavioral  coping efforts while the older will use cognitive coping efforts Methods o Send home questionnaires with college students and enable them to receive extra  credit o Second questionnaire asks specific questions as to what frightens them o Know coding if it requires an understanding of the results Answers to RQ/Hypotheses o 1. (p.104) 138/153 said they had a fright reaction and described it in part1, 26.1 &%  reported reactions that lasted more than a year, more.. o 2. 3 symptoms never reported: choking, chest pains and tantrums; what was most  frequently reported symptoms- crying and screaming, trembling/shaking, nausea o 3. could responses be categorized by DSM? Yes, about 98% could be categorized by  the 5 categories; most prevalent- blood injection and injury, disturbing  sounds/distorted images, situational, animal
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o 4. Reason for watching- most reported because someone else wanted to watch it;  young: blood and injury o hypothesis 1: data supported it (partially); younger more frightened that concrete stimuli,  however they were also frightened by blood o hypothesis 2: predicted: younger groups would use behavioral (hugging, eating,  distracting )coping strategies, older would use cognitive (tell oneself its  notreal, etc.) data supported this Linz et al. (1988) What are the two central questions? (759) o 1. Is there long term effects of slasher film? o 2. Do these effects apply to the real world? Method (all aspects)-  REALLY IMPORTANT o The subjects: college-age males, U of Wisconsin (have replicated with women as  well) o Pre-screening selection Took a test to test their hostility that they flt would imitate the violent scenes  they would see- removed people that scored high (extra  hostile/aggressive)because ethey feared the content would have a negative 
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